The purpose of planning is to define the requirements, deliverables, outputs, outcomes and constraints and to determine how the project's objectives should be achieved
The purpose of benefit management is to assist the sponsoring organization and the customer in realizing the desired benefits of a project from the project’s outcomes.
The purpose of scope management is to facilitate the creation of the deliverables, outputs and outcomes to achieve the stated objectives of the sponsoring organization or customer. Scope management enables only formally approved work being incorporated into the project.
The purpose of resources management is to determine the resources needed to deliver the scope of the project in terms of quality, quantity and optimum usage. Resources should be an integrated part of the project’s plan.
The purpose of schedule management is to enable work to be undertaken in a timely manner and to reduce slippage to an acceptable level. The schedule should be an integrated part of the project’s plan and developed under the direction of the project manager.
The purpose of cost management is to establish the financial controls to be used throughout the project life cycle to facilitate delivery of the project within the approved budget. The budget should be an integrated part of the project’s plan.
The purpose of risk management is to increase the likelihood of achieving the project’s objectives. Identified risks and options for addressing each risk should be an integrated part of the project’s plan
The purpose of issue management is to resolve issues such that there is no negative impact on the achievement of the project’s objectives.
The purpose of change control is to control changes to the project and deliverables and to formalize acceptance or rejection of these changes.
The purpose of quality management is to increase the likelihood that outputs are fit for purpose or use. Quality should be an integrated part of the project’s plan. Quality management includes identifying quality requirements with acceptance criteria and means of verification and validation, the standards to be used and the deliverables of the project, including internal, external, interim, final, tangible and intangible deliverables.
The purpose of stakeholder engagement is to enable the needs, interests and concerns of stakeholders to be identified, understood and addressed sufficiently to enable the objectives to be met.
The purpose of communication management is to enable stakeholder interactions that are effective and likely to contribute to the successful delivery of the project’s outcomes and the successful realization of benefits.
Managing organizational and societal change
The purpose of managing organizational and societal change is to enable the project’s desired outcomes to be delivered.
The purpose of reporting is to provide the current status, forecast and analysis of the project. Reporting should be aligned with the current, and possibly updated, project documentation and determined from an analysis of project management information.